Event Type

Year

The Quantum Center – Weekly Seminar

or_sttath.jpg
Date: 
Tue, 31/05/202212:00-13:00
See also: Seminars, 2022
Location: 
Danziger B - Seminars Room
Lecturer: 
Prof. Or Sttath

 

Title:

"Quantum Prudent Contracts with Applications to Bitcoin"

 

Abstract:

Smart contracts are cryptographic protocols that are enforced without a judiciary.

Smart contracts are used occasionally in Bitcoin. Public quantum money improves upon cash we use today, yet the current constructions do not enable smart contracts.

I'll discuss quantum prudent contracts -- a non-trivial subset of the functionality that a network such as Bitcoin provides. Examples discussed include: multi-signature wallets in which funds can be spent by any 2-out-of-3 owners; restricted accounts that can send funds only to designated destinations; and "colored coins" that can represent stocks that can be freely traded, and their owner would receive dividends.

The solution has all the benefits of public quantum money: no mining is necessary, and the security model is standard (e.g., it is not susceptible to 51% attacks, as in Bitcoin).

Our construction can be used to upgrade the Bitcoin network to a quantum payment scheme. Notable advantages of this approach are: transactions are locally verifiable and without latency, the throughput is unbounded, and most importantly, it would remove the need for Bitcoin mining. 

 

Link: https://arxiv.org/abs/2204.12806

Homepage: https://orsattath.wordpress.com/about/